Reflection (Individual and Collaboration)

At first I was a little nervous about the Field project because it involves collaboration with other students from different course. Field is a city based research project. I chose to base my work on migration theme that focus on cultural identity. I began my research by exploring and documenting Newport city through photography and sketches. I’ve also implemented history and development research from local library and museums. The research result fed the context for the body of works that I’ve produced. I’m fortunate to have collaboration and individual theme that support each other. The group theme is a raising awareness campaign/educating society in areas of multicultural city. I think we’ve done well as a team. I’m glad that as a group, we were able to work together effectively, communicated and shared our ideas, gave constructive inputs, improved our problem solving skill, and learnt new skill from each other. Particularly with my educational box design. I’ll always keep in mind the advised that Ugur (from product design) gave me; to consider the needs of people and how the product interact with existing products, and also to consider about the sustainability of the product. These are useful tips for design planning. I also learnt about designing posters for my editorial work from Georgia and Lauren (both from illustration), which I can use for my individual project. I’ve learnt a lot from my time in exploring the city and research. I’ve gained more confident in myself and was able to learn the communication skill especially when dealing with people and government body, but also in finding source for my future project.


A story about a rabbit by Kurt Schwitters

Ayu Baker's "A story about a rabbit" - April 2014

Ayu Baker’s “A story about a rabbit” – April 2014

Ayu Baker's "A story about a rabbit" - April 2014

Ayu Baker’s “A story about a rabbit” – April 2014

Ayu Baker's "A story about a rabbit" - April 2014

Ayu Baker’s “A story about a rabbit” – April 2014

Ayu Baker's "A story about a rabbit" - April 2014

Ayu Baker’s “A story about a rabbit” – April 2014

Ayu Baker's "A story about a rabbit" - April 2014

Ayu Baker’s “A story about a rabbit” – April 2014

Ayu Baker's "A story about a rabbit" - April 2014

Ayu Baker’s “A story about a rabbit” – April 2014


This is the final book of “A story about a rabbit” by Kurt Schwitters. During the development of the book and based on progress feedback I’ve received, I feel that this project is more suitable for my Constellation – defamiliarization theory practice.  The design is influenced by Laura Hyde illustration. Even though I won’t be submitting this piece as one of Individual – Field project work, I’m glad that I found this book as inspiration and narrative practice as well as a material for my Constellation essay.

During his life, Kurt Schwitters had produced many publications, paintings, collage/assemblage art works which influenced many great artists such as Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg. This book was one of his publication.

Once upon a time there was a brown rabbit that had long hair and long ears and a short tail, and it hopped around the corner even when there wasn’t a corner to hop around. Actually it wasn’t brown, but rosy, and its hair was actually short, and its tail was curly. And actually it didn’t hop at all but grunted and dug in the mud. Then it looked muddy and no longer rosy, but rather dark grey red. And if it had small piglets, they suckled on the rabbit. However, actually it wasn’t grey red, rather grey white, and it had many feathers and a pair of beautiful wings, but it couldn’t fly. On its legs it had flippers and it swam proudly on the pond in the park, and people who walked by threw it bread crumbs. That is, actually it swam underwater, had golden scales and a tail with two points. That is actually it didn’t have much of a tail; rather, it had two ears and was very fat and preferred to spend a good deal of time in the Nile River. Its mouth had a magnificent row of teeth. That is, actually it was driven by steam, had a propeller behind it and two anchors in the front. In the middle there was a chimney, and on the bridge there was a captain who belonged to a Hamburg shipping line. That is, actually he was very small, liked to jump as far as he could, and sought protection underneath the clothes of women, and the women scratched themselves. So this was the rabbit, and this was the story about the rabbit. That is, actually it wasn’t a story at all, but a transformation that even made the rabbit grow up.

Well then, it was a story and it was indeed also about a rabbit.

From Kurt Schwitters: Lucky Hans and other Merz fairy tales – translated by Jack Zipes. 2009

Freedom to live life as individuals in multicultural cities

Ayu Baker - Studs - colour pencils on paper (A3) - April 2014

Ayu Baker – “Studs” – colour pencils on paper (A3) – April 2014


As one of body of work, I have produced a drawing as a response to cultural identity in a multiculture city research I’ve conducted. The research was implemented through informal interviews in March and April 2014 with the locals (five Newporters) and migrants (eight participants from USA, South Africa, South East Asia ) who have been living in the city for more than five years. My main question in the interview was “Is it considered to be important to maintain one’s identity and characteristics?”. As we live in multicultural country, the research participants believed that it is considered to be important to maintain their cultural identity. Culture defines their identity, it contributes to how they see themselves and the groups or community they are in. Every cultural group or ethic or community have their own way of living, beliefs and own values. A shared cultural heritage (food, language, values or beliefs) bonds people together and creates sense of belonging through tolerance and acceptance.

So based on the research I decided to produce an illustration that depict about celebration of culture and tolerance. The above drawing is inspired from Norman Rockwell’s painting “Moving in” which was inspired by the early integration movement in America. The figures in the drawing is from this photography by anonymous.


I’ve changed few colour and objects in the photograph so that I won’t breach copyright law and also changed the background into a festive – carnival atmosphere in order to get the feel that I wanted. I’m happy with how the design and drawing turned out. I think by altering the background I have achieved what I wanted which is to include cultural tolerance and acceptance message within my drawing. What I’d like to do in the future is to do more life and reportage drawings. Norman Rockwell’s works has inspired me to learn more about the art of history and editorial illustration.


Scenic route

I enjoyed my time exploring the outskirt of Newport, so I came up with these traditional style paintings of watercolour inspired by the places I’ve visited. Locations that based these paintings are Tredegar house, abandon barn in Bishton, and Chepstow garden and grottoes. Inspired by David Hockey’s photo collage idea, I’ve included part of myself in the painting, the effect of this technique is that the artist is as if fully in the picture, but not.  In the summer I’d like to continue to produce more observational paintings. It was a good practice to train my senses and painting skill.


Ayu Baker - Broken window - Watercolour - April 2014

Ayu Baker – Broken window – Watercolour – April 2014

Ayu Baker - Stones - Watercolour - April 2014

Ayu Baker – Stones – Watercolour – April 2014

Ayu Baker - Steps - Watercolour - April 2014

Ayu Baker – Steps – Watercolour – April 2014

A glimpse of Newport

After experimenting on how to create time lapse video, here’s a final product of time lapse video of Newport, South Wales. It’s a way of showcasing the city and documenting my exploration. The video was made with Lapseit App on iPhone5. Locations in the video are Llanmartin bridge & field, Newport city market, Tredegar house, and town centre view from NCP car park. Video editor I used is VideoPad software and music is edited by me copyright to BFM Music “Ray of light” by Madonna.

It was a shame that I couldn’t include Newport transporter bridge in this video because the bridge is currently shut and opens only in the summer. I also plan to shoot a video at Tata Steel plant but due to no permission granted, I couldn’t show a glimpse of steel workers’ life at work, which would have been great considering steel industry was a big part of Newport economy development.

I’ve gained many experiences from this project, especially in dealing with people and finding a story source for future project e.g. the vibrant life at the Newport city market.


Photo collage seems to be a perfect way of documenting my interview participants for my “identity” theme project. The technique I used is inspired from David Hockney‘s photo collage. I like the idea of recording the passing of time or space in a unconventional photography way. The effect of this technique is that the artist is as if fully in the picture, but not. So here are the finish works:

"Luncheon with research participants" March 4th, 2014, Cardiff, Ayu Baker.

“Luncheon with research participants” March 4th, 2014, Cardiff, Ayu Baker.

"The other side, Newport Footbridge", March 2014, Ayu Baker

“The other side, Newport Footbridge”, March 2014, Ayu Baker

"Newport Footbridge" March 2014, Ayu Baker.

“Newport Footbridge” March 2014, Ayu Baker.

Photo-collage by David Hockney

Along with the rise of popularity of photography in art, David Hockney started making collages of photographs by using polaroid camera. He began using polaroids arranged symmetrically edge to edge with white borders uncut, and then moved the borderless prints from 35 mm negatives used in a quite different way, with the prints over lapping and sequence of prints therefore able to turn corners, making curving forms and lead the eye in whatever direction the artist wanted (Paul Melia, 1996, p. 108).

He found there’s a limitation in the still photograph. He believed that it doesn’t have any life in time (Hockney 19985: 9-11). The time is the same in one corner of a photograph as in another because the image is made all at once. He argues that a painting is different because it takes time to make and marks an accumulation of decisions over time. (Paul Melia, 1996, p. 108). He wanted the viewer to not be close to the object that’s being presented but to be in the experience. So he began to experiment with technique that can make photograph to have the same feel and experience as a painting by loosing the illusion of distance.

The brooklyn Bridge, Nov. 28, 1982, David Hockney - - date 13/04/14

“The Brooklyn Bridge” Nov. 28, 1982, David Hockney - – date: 13/04/14

He chose to use collage technique because it allows multiplicity of reference and memory as well as description. He directed the camera on one point, then on each joining point until he marked out and recorded an area of real space. He moved and when he took the shots therefore the passing of time was registered, and a relationship exists between the time taken in creating the shots (rectangle images) and the spaces that these rectangles mark out. Each component of which represents one exposure and a step he took (visible at the bottom collage), the whole is equivalent of the path he walked on. Each square now can now be thought of as a unit of time or as a unit of space. The artist is as if fully in the picture, but not.